Genital Abnormalities

There are a number of anatomical abnormalities that can be found in a woman’s uterus. These abnormalities will have developed at the foetal stage, and can have a varied extent of effect upon a woman.

There are many different ways a uterus can be deformed. The most severe condition involves the woman having no uterus at all. This condition is called Mullerian agenesis, and means a woman will have no menstrual period, and will not be able to conceive children. The vagina may or may not be intact, depending upon the case.

The uterus may be deformed in a different manner. It may be that only half of the uterus has formed, which would mean that the woman still may be able to conceive, but only one egg may be present. Another condition, called uterus didelphys, involves a woman having two separate uteruses. They are often joined at the vagina, and function independently of one another. This means that the woman suffering from this condition can be fertilised in both uteruses simultaneously.

The uterus can be deformed in many more ways, from it taking different shapes to parts of it not being present at all. If a woman is complaining about pain in her pelvic region, menstrual disorders including absence of her menstrual period, or complications with pregnancy, her uterus may have an anatomical abnormality. Once a GP or gynaecologist has ruled out the many other causes of these symptoms, they may decide to screen the patient for deformities of her uterus.

A patient can undergo various imaging tests to give specialists an idea of the shape and functionality of her uterus. Many of these abnormalities are visually evident; therefore the specialist can quickly discover the problem. Once the problem has been discovered, it must be decided whether it can be treated or not. If a woman simply has no uterus, or it is deformed to the point of infertility, there is little that can be done to rectify the problem. Many women will have tissue that is blocking parts of the uterus and causing problems, and this can often be surgically removed to allow normal functioning of the uterus. In many cases, the uterus will be functioning as normal and there will be few side effects. If this is the case, and the patient is not suffering as a result of the anatomical abnormality, it may be decided that no action will be taken.

Anatomical Abnormalities of the Vagina

There are a number of abnormalities that women may experience in their vagina. These anatomical abnormalities will have been with the woman since birth, as they develop during the foetal stage. Some of these abnormalities can be severe, consisting of the complete absence of the vagina or sexual organs, others consisting of blockages in the vagina.

Vaginal Agenesis is an anatomical abnormality of the vagina that involves the complete or partial absence of the vagina. The sexual organs may be present or absent, depending upon the case. This condition can cause problems if a uterus is still present, as the woman will undergo menstruation but the blood will not be able to leave the body. This condition can also make it impossible for a woman to experience vaginal intercourse. Many patients suffering from this condition will undergo surgery to have a vagina created using folds of skin. This will allow the patient to engage in sexual intercourse, and it allows women with uteruses present to bear children.

Vaginal Atresia is another anatomical abnormality of the vagina that involves the partial or complete absence of the vagina. The vulva may and ovaries may be present, so the condition may not be recognised until menstruation doesn’t occur. Surgery may be necessary to allow the blood to leave the body. If this doesn’t happen, it can potentially lead to serious difficulties. Mullerian aplasia is an anatomical abnormality of the vagina that is similar to vaginal atresia in that the ovaries and vulva may be present and functioning, but the uterus and top of the vagina are absent. This can cause similar complications to those mentioned before, and must often be treated in a similar way.

The aforementioned conditions are all similar in nature, all involving the absence of sexual organs in a woman’s body. The final most commonly found anatomical abnormality of the vagina is called a transverse vaginal septum. This condition involves a blockage in the vagina created by tissue that formed while the embryo developed. This condition is often not as serious as the previously mentioned anatomical abnormalities of the vagina, as it does not prevent menstruation or any other functions of the vagina. It can cause problems during sexual intercourse, childbirth and when inserting a tampon. Because of this, most women experiencing this condition will undergo surgery to have the blockage removed, to allow them to lead a normal life.