Gynaecological Cancer

There are many types of gynaecological cancers, often called womens' cancers. The three most common gynaecological cancers are:

  • endometrial (womb lining) cancer
  • ovarian cancer
  • cervical cancer (cancer of the neck of the womb)

Cancer of the vulva, cancer of the vagina and cancer of the fallopian tube/ peritoneal cancer are rare.

Cancer is a disease of the cells in the body. The body is made up from millions of tiny cells. There are many different types of cell in the body and there are many different types of cancer which arise from different types of cell. What all types of cancer have in common is that the cancer cells are abnormal and multiply 'out of control'.

A malignant tumour is a lump or growth of tissue made up from cancer cells which continue to multiply. Malignant tumours invade into nearby tissues and organs, which can cause damage. Malignant tumours may also spread to other parts of the body. This happens if some cells break off from the first (primary) tumour and are carried in the bloodstream or lymph channels to other parts of the body. These small groups of cells may then multiply to form 'secondary' tumours (metastases) in one or more parts of the body. These secondary tumours may then grow, invade and damage nearby tissues and can spread again.

Some cancers are more serious than others, some are more easily treated than others (particularly if diagnosed at an early stage), some have a better outlook (prognosis) than others. So, cancer is not just one condition. In each case it is important to know exactly what type of cancer has developed, how large it has become and whether it has spread. This will enable you to get reliable information on treatment options and outlook.

Symptoms of Cancers

Symptoms can vary depending on the type of cancer:ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, cancer of the vagina, cancer of the fallopian tube/peritoneal cancer

For more information on symptoms of cancer, please follow the link below. You may also find a brief information on the other cancers, and further links on this site.